1924

1924

01-Jan-24 Gazi Mustafa Kemal went to Izmir.
02-Jan-24 The “Week Day Rest Law” was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly. (Until that date there was no obligation for the week day rest.)
02-Jan-24 The journalists were acquitted at the Istanbul Independence Tribunal.
28-Jan-24 Turkey-Austria Friendship, Trade and residency pacts were signed.
07-Feb-24 The law of Binding pensions to the families of volunteers and military personnel who were martyred during the National Struggle was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
13-Feb-24 Some of the journalists who were sentenced by the Istanbul Independence Tribunal were pardoned in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
15-22 February 1924 War games held in Izmir. (Within these days it was decided to abolish Caliphate. Gazi Mustafa Kemal and Ismet (Inönü) discussed on this subject.)
29-Feb-24 The last “Friday Salutation Ceremony” held in Istanbul for the Caliph Abdül Mejid.
01-Mar-24 In his Opening ceremony speech in the Turkish Grand National Assembly, Gazi Mustafa Kemal stated that the education should be combined and the military should be separated from the politics.
02-Mar-24 In the People’s Party’s group meeting it was talked about the decisions to be made the next day.
03-Mar-24 The Caliphate abolished.
03-Mar-24 By passing the unification of education law, a unity was achieved in the education.
03-Mar-24 The Ministry of Religious Affairs and religious schools was abolished. (The first steps towards a Secular State.)
03-Mar-24 The Ministry of the General Staff was abolished. (This way the Office of the General Staff was moved away from the government and the politics.)
05-Mar-24 The law of the establishing of the Agriculture and the Trade Ministries was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
08-Mar-24 The Turkish Grand National assembly took a decision to give the Medal of Independence to its first term deputies.
13-Mar-24 The “Law for the Middle School Teachers (Junior Secondary School)” was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
18-Mar-24 The “Village Law” was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
30-Mar-24 Mehmet Rifat (Börekci) was appointed as the Religious Affaires Director.
01-Apr-24 The law stating “The management of the Ergani Copper Mines by the State” was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
08-Apr-24 A new law was passed for the Abolition of religious courts and replacing them with the Civil Courts.The law became into force at the beginning of May.
13-Apr-24 The law for binding pensions to the families of Mithat, Mahmut Sevket, Talat Pashas and to Resit Hikmet Bey and to the families of others for the services given for their country was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
16-Apr-24 The Turkish Grand National Assembly with the “Law of the general amnesty” pardoned the people who helped the enemies during the War of Independence.
20-Apr-24 The new Constitution was accepted.
21-Apr-24 The self management of the University of Istanbul was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
22-Apr-24 The law “Purchasing of the Anatolian railways and forming a general directorate for its operations” was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly. (With this law the modern Turkish Railway was formed. )
23-Apr-24 With the meeting of the general assembly in Ankara, the Turkish Nationalist Clubs were re-established. (The first establishment on 25 March 1912. In 1931 they were closed again and People’s Houses were established instead. On 1949 they were re-established
19-May-24 The Turkey-Britain negotiations concerning the Turkish-Iraq boundaries started in Istanbul. (It was continued until 5 June, no agreement was reached and the subject was taken to the League of Nations.)
01-Jun-24 The cabinet decided to deport the 150 people, who were exempted from the general amnesty declared as per the Lausanne Peace Treaty, because of their operations against the National Struggle.
06-Jun-24 With the undertaking of Pope Eftim (Erenerol), the Turkish Orthodox arranged a congress at the church of Panaiya in Istanbul and established the independent Istanbul Turk Orthodox Church. Pope Eftim became the head of the church.
08-Aug-24 The Lausanne Treaty came into force.
22-Aug-24 The Turkish women’s request for appointment to the courts as judges.
25 Agust 1924 Gazi Mustafa Kemal is at the tea party held for the Teachers Association Congress.
26-Aug-24 The Is Bank of Turkey was established.
30-Aug-24 After a long speech at the ceremony to mark the second anniversary of the Battle of the Commander in Chief at Dumlupınar, Gazi Mustafa Kemal referred to  youth, saying : “O! The rising new generation:The future is yours. We established the republic.”
30-Aug-24 The foundation of the Unknown Soldier Monument was laid down at Dumlupinar.
01-Sep-24 The Music Teacher Education school was established in Ankara.
22-Sep-24 Gazi Mustafa Kemal, during his address to the teachers of “The Independence Trade School” said, “Knowledge and science are the best guide to everything in the world, to material and to spiritual things, to life, to success. To seek for a guide outside kno
25-Oct-24 Ziya Gökalp died.
26-Oct-24 Due to some commanders choosing to join the politics, a crisis occurred.
29-Oct-24 The Turkish Grand National Assembly celebrated the anniversary of the republic in its newly constructed second building.
01-Nov-24 The Turkish Grand National Assembly started its meetings on November. Before, it was on the 1 of March.
10-Nov-24 The People’s Party was renamed as People’s Republican Party.
17-Nov-24 The Progressive Republican Party was formed.
21-Nov-24 Ismet (Inönü) Pasha resigned from the premiership. (On 22 November Fethi (Okyar) Bey became Premier. He was on duty until 2 March 1925.)
20-Dec-24 The law changing the name of Kirkkilise (Forty Churches) into Kirklareli was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
29-Dec-24 The law “Forming the Ministry of Navy” was accepted Turkish Grand National Assembly.

1923 <<……………                                                                                                     …………>> 1925

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