1923

1923

14-Jan-23 Mustafa Kemal’s mother Zübeyde Hanim died in Izmir and buried in the district of Karsiyaka.
14-20 January 1923 Mustafa Kemal went for a Western Anatolia trip.
27-Jan-23 Mustafa Kemal arrived to Izmir.
29-Jan-23 Mustafa Kemal Pasha married with Latife Hanim. (Divorced on 5 August 1925.)
30-Jan-23 The agreement signed by Turkey and Greece for the return of the civilian prisoners and for the exchange of prisoners of war.
04-Feb-23 The breakdown of the Lausanne Conference due to the conflicts on certain important points.
07-Feb-23 Mustafa Kemal addressed the people from the Zagnos Pasha Mosque in Balikesir.
16-Feb-23 The Lausanne delegation returned back to Istanbul.
17-Feb-23 The “Turkish Economics Congress” held in Izmir.
19-Feb-23 Mustafa Kemal, together with Ismet Pasha, went to Ankara.
24-Feb-23 The General Directorate of Police was abolished and replaced with Istanbul Police Directorate in province organization level, connected to the General Directorate of Security in Ankara.
27-Feb-23 Discussions were made in a closed session in the Turkish Grand National Assembly on the subject of Lausanne Conference. (Discussions again were made on 6 March. On 8 March, the peace proposals of the Ankara government were given to the Entente States repr
28-Feb-23 Mustafa Kemal was given the dignity of the “Fellow Townsman” of Istanbul.
01-Mar-23 Ali Fuat Pasha once more became the vice-president of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
04-Mar-23 The Izmir Economics Congress ended.
15-Mar-23 Mustafa Kemal visited Adana.
17-Mar-23 Mustafa Kemal went from Adana to Mersin and Tarsus.
20-Mar-23 Mustafa Kemal addressed to people in Konya.
21-Mar-23 Gazi Mustafa Kemal, during his speech in the Konya Red Crescent Women Branch referred to Woman’s Rights.
22-Mar-23 Mustafa Kemal Visited Mevlana’s (The mystic poet Mevlana Jalal-ud-Din Rumi) tomb while he was in Konya.
27-Mar-23 The deputy Ali Sükrü Bey was killed by Topal (Crippled) Osman.
31-Mar-23 The Entente States once more asked for a delegation to Lausanne.
31-Mar-23 The General Amnesty law pardoning the civilian and the military prisoners of war was passed from the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
01-Apr-23 Topal Osman was caught in Ankara at the suburb of Seyranbaglari.
01-Apr-23 The Turkish Grand National Assembly decided to repeat the election
08-Apr-23 Gazi Mustafa Kemal issued the “Nine Principles”. (Those principles that carry the characteristics of an election announcement were published on the name of the Society for the National Defence of Rights in Anatolia and Rumelia.)
09-Apr-23 “The Chester Project” which gives certain privileges in return for the building the Eastern Anatolia Railway, was approved by the Turkish Grand National Assembly. (But this project never came to life.)
16-Apr-23 The first Turkish Grand National Assembly works ended.
21-Apr-23 The delegation under the presidency of Ismet Pasha arrived to Lausanne.
23-Apr-23 The second phase of the Lausanne Conference began.
30-May-23 Antakya, Iskenderun and the Environs Defence of Rights Society formed.
26-Jun-23 General Harrington visited Abdül Mejid Efendi.
28-Jun-23 Gazi Mustafa Kemal, after the receipt of the certificate of Professorship from the Faculty of Literature of the Istanbul University, sent a telegram expressing his gratitude.
10-Jul-23 Fener Patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Church Meletios escaped to Greece.
12-Jul-23 Trade agreement was signed with Poland.
19-Jul-23 Gazi Mustafa Kemal sent a telegram to Ismet Inönü concerning the topic of the Lausanne Conference.
23-Jul-23 Turkey-Poland Friendship Treaty was signed.
24-Jul-23 Lausanne Peace Treaty was signed.
29-Jul-23 The headquarters of the Western Front moved to Ankara.
04-Aug-23 Rauf Bey resigned from the Premiership.
05-Aug-23 The Office of the General Staff put its Peace, Emplacement and Establishment plans into practice.
06-Aug-23 Agreements signed at Lausanne between Turkey and the United States of America on the subject of extradition and other subjects. (The discussions started on 29 June.)
10-Aug-23 Ismet Pasha returned from Lausanne.
11-Aug-23 The second work period of the Turkish Grand National Assembly started.
13-Aug-23 Mustafa Kemal was elected second time for the presidency of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
14-Aug-23 Fethi Bey formed a new government.
18-Aug-23 Gazi Mustafa Kemal, who was also elected from Izmir, accepted to be the deputy of Ankara.
23-Aug-23 The Turkish Grand National Assembly has approved the Lausanne Treaty.
01-Sep-23 The Western Front headquarters abolished.
09-Sep-23 People’s Party formed.
15-Sep-23 Karaagac was taken back from the Greeks.
20-Sep-23 The post offices of foreign states, as the capitulations were envisaged, were abolished.
21-Sep-23 Bozcaada (Island of Bozca) was taken back from the Greeks.
22-Sep-23 Island of Imroz was taken back from the Greeks.
25-Sep-23 The law Number 347 which reveals the procedures to the people who were left out of the national boundaries and who did not participate to the National Struggle was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
27-Sep-23 The Military Academy moved to its building at Harbiye District.
02-Oct-23 The last units of the Entente States armies left Istanbul.
04-Oct-23 The Anatolian Independent Turkish Orthodox leader Pope Eftim issued his declaration which supported the National Government.
04-Oct-23 The censorship abolished in Istanbul.
06-Oct-23 The Turkish forces under the command of Sükrü Naili (Gökberk) Pasha entered Istanbul.
06-Oct-23 The British departed from Canakkale.
13-Oct-23 The law, making the city of Ankara the Capital of the country was passed.
13-Oct-23 The law creating the “Ministry of Public works, housing and exchange” was passed from the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
24-Oct-23 The law expressing the 1 November, the day that the sovereignty abolished, to be counted as the national holiday was accepted.(On 27 May 1935 it was abolished with the law number 2739, revealing the national holidays.)
27-Oct-23 Fethi ((kyar) Bey’s cabinet resigned.
29-Oct-23 Proclamation of the Turkish Republic. Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha, with a secret vote and unanimously, was elected as the President of the Republic.
30-Oct-23 The first cabinet of the Republic was formed by Ismet (Inönü) as the Premier.
31-Oct-23 The law abolishing the mobilisation on 1 November 1923 was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly. (The mobilization was declared on 13 September 1921.)
01-Nov-23 Fethi (Okyar) Bey was elected the president of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
14-Nov-23 The law projecting the move of the Supreme Court was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
19-Nov-23 Gazi Mustafa Kemal, with a letter to Ismet (Inönü), requested from him to act as proxy to the presidency of the People’s Party
20-Nov-23 The People’s Party gathered the “Anatolia and Rumelia Defence of Rights Society” groups within her organization.
24-Nov-23 The heads of the “ismailies” in India, Aga Khan and Emir Ali wrote letters to Ismet (Inönü) Pasha concerning the caliphate.
10-Dec-23 The Friendship Pact was signed in Ankara between Turkey and Albania.
15-Dec-23 The Friendship Pact was signed in Istanbul between Turkey and Hungary.
26-Dec-23 Excluding certain crimes, the general amnesty law was passed from the Turkish Grand National Assembly on the honour of “Victory and Peace”.

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