1921

1921

06-Jan-21 The Greeks started to move towards Eskisehir.
6-10 January 1921 The First Battle of Inönü and the victory.
09-Jan-21 Bilecik was occupied by the Greeks.
17-Jan-21 The Turkish Delegation went to Tbilisi for negotiations.
17-Jan-21 The Turkish Grand National Assembly issued a circular concerning the rebel Ethem.
20-Jan-21 The first constitution was accepted by the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
22-Jan-21 Units of Cerkez Ethem were defeated completely.
23-Jan-21 The ship “Alemdar” sailed from Istanbul to Black Sea to join to the National Struggle. (During this time the ship had fell under the French’s hand but on 28 January, it was rescued by the ship’s unarmed crew. )
24-Jan-21 The rebel Ethem revolt was suppressed.
24-Jan-21 Fevzi Pasha was appointed as the president of the Executive Committee.
26-Jan-21 The Entente States asked from the Grand Vizier Tevfik Pasha to send a delegation to the London Conference.
28-29 January 1921 After arriving to Turkey, Mustafa Suphi and his friends who were returning to Russia by sea, were caught and killed at sea by the men of Yahya Kahya. (This incident, from time to time, was used against Mustafa Kemal and Kazim Karabekir as negative propaga
29-Jan-21 Turkish Delegation moved from Tbilisi to Baku.
31-Jan-21 Bekir Sami’s committee returned from Moscow to Ankara.
05-Feb-21 Ankara decided to send a delegation to London Conference.
06-Feb-21 During a talk with the reporter of “The sovereignty of the People” newspaper, Mustafa Kemal said, “Communism is a social subject.”
06-Feb-21 “The Sovereignty of the People” became a daily newspaper. (For some time it was not published on Sundays, and on the fierce days of the war it started to publish supplementaries, and later on it had become a complete daily newspaper.)
08-Feb-21 The Turkish Grand National Assembly accepted the title of “Gazi-the victorious fighter” to be given to the city of Ayintap (now Antep) due to its heroic resistance demonstrated against the enemy.
09-Feb-21 Gaziayintap (Now Gaziantep) surrendered to the French after signing an agreement.
10-Feb-21 Mustafa Kemal departed for the Front. (Returned back on 15 February.)
17-Feb-21 All the Independence Tribunals, except the one in Ankara, were abolished.
21-Feb-21 London Conference began.
22-Feb-21 Turk-Soviet negotiations started.
23-Feb-21 The Government of the Turkish Grand National Assembly gave an ultimatum to Georgia for the evacuation of Ardahan, Artvin and Batum.
25-Feb-21 The Red Army entered to Tbilisi.
26-Feb-21 Turkish-Soviet negotiations started.
28-Feb-21 The first budget was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly. (The year 1920 budget was 630.149,58 Turkish Liras. On 11 September 1920, a “Temporary 6 Months’ Budget Law” was passed.)
01-Mar-21 Treaty of Amity was signed with Afghanistan in Moscow. The Commander of the Western Front Ismet Bey was promoted to General.
02-Mar-21 Dr. Adnan Bey became the vice president of the Assembly.
06-Mar-21 Kocgir revolt began. (It was suppressed on 17 June 1921.)
07-Mar-21 Ahmet Izzet and Salih Pashas were released.
11-Mar-21 The Eastern Front forces occupied Batum.
12-Mar-21 The London Conference ended.
12-Mar-21 The National Anthem, “The March of Independence” was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
14-Mar-21 The Eastern Front forces occupied Ahiska.
15-Mar-21 Talat Pasha was killed in Berlin.
16-Mar-21 Treaty of Moscow was signed between the Government of the Turkish Grand National Assembly and the Soviet Union.
18-Mar-21 After the Georgians attacked the Turkish Nationalist Forces, the Red Army units entered to Batum.
21-Mar-21 Due to having connections with the leftist organization called “The Green Army” immunity of Tokat deputy Nazim (Resmor), Afyon deputy Mehmet Sükrü (Koc) and Bursa deputy Servet abolished in a secret session of the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
23-Mar-21 The Greek assault started at the Bursa and Usak fronts.
25-Mar-21 Sapanca was occupied by the Greeks.
26-Mar-21 Adapazari was occupied by the Greeks.
28-Mar-21 Our Eastern units evacuated Batum, Ahiska and Ahilkelek.
7-8 April 1921 Afyon was taken back from the Greeks.
12-Apr-21 To protest the Greek cruelty in Anatolia, Mustafa Kemal issued a declaration for the world humanity.
12-Apr-21 Mehmet Emin (Yurdakul) and Yusuf Akcura arrived to Ankara.
13-Apr-21 The battle of Dumlupinar started between the Turkish and the Greek forces.
15-Apr-21 Ahmet Anzavur was killed in Bandirma area. (The Sultan had given him the title of “pasha.”)
18-Apr-21 Ismail Fazil Pasha died. (Father of Ali Fuat Cebesoy, the Minister of Public Works.)
22-Apr-21 In a statement given to The Sovereignty of the People newspaper Mustafa Kemal said “The freedom and the independence are my character.”
23-Apr-21 “To accept the 23 April as a national holiday” law was passed from the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
27-Apr-21 Izmit was occupied by the Greeks.
28-Apr-21 Ziya Gökalp and his 39 friends, who had been released by the British from Malta, arrived in Istanbul.
30-Apr-21 The French woman journalist, Geoges Berthe Gaulis arrived in Ankara. (She was seen by Mustafa Kemal. She wrote articles and books in favour of the Republic.)
03-May-21 The Western Front was united again.
08-May-21 Bekir Sami Bey resigned from the Minister of External Affairs.
09-May-21 Cerkez Ethem was sentenced to death.
10-May-21 In the Turkish Grand National Assembly Mustafa Kemal and his friends formed the “Anatolia and Rumelia Defence of Rights Group” that is known as the “First Group”(The next day Mustafa Kemal was selected as the president of the Group. The second group had c
13-May-21 The High Commissaries (Pell,Rumbold and Garroni) of the Entente States in Istanbul declared both of the straits as “Demilitarized Zone”.
16-May-21 Yusuf Kemal became the Minister of External Affairs.
19-May-21 A new cabinet was formed under the presidency of Fevzi Pasha.
24-May-21 Mustafa Sagir (who had come to Ankara as the representative of India’s Moslems, but it had been found out that, in fact he was a spy and his mission was to kill Mustafa Kemal) was executed.
25-May-21 The Italians had withdrawn from Marmaris.
01-Jun-21 The Italians started to withdraw from Antalya Region.
09-Jun-21 The representative of France, Franklin Bouillon arrived in Ankara.
12-Jun-21 The Greek King Constantine arrived in Izmir.
13-Jun-21 Capanoglu Halit Bey was executed in Amasya.
13-Jun-21 The Turkish Grand National Assembly appointed Mustafa Kemal as the Commander-in Chief.
17-Jun-21 Kocgiri revolt was suppressed.
18-19 June 1921 Paris negotiations started. (The three big states offered Greece to be her mediator.)
21-Jun-21 The Greeks were withdrawn from Adapazari.
21-Jun-21 The French evacuated Zonguldak.
28-Jun-21 The Turkish forces entered to Izmit.
30-Jun-21 Child’s Welfare Association was established.
05-Jul-21 The Greek King Constantine gave the order of attack. The Italians completely withdrew from Antalya.
07-Jul-21 The Greek King Constantine went to the Front.
08-Jul-21 The battle of Kütahya-Eskisehir started.
10-Jul-21 The Greek forces started a general attack.
13-Jul-21 The battle of Afyon-Altintas.
15-Jul-21 With the order of the Western Front Commander the Turkish Armed forces withdrawn.
16-Jul-21 The Education System Congress began in Ankara and Mustafa Kemal made the opening speech.
17-Jul-21 Mustafa Kemal Pasha inspected the Front.
18-Jul-21 Mustafa Kemal arrived from Ankara to the headquarters of the Western Front in Karacahisar.
24-Jul-21 The Western Front headquarters was moved to Polatli.
25-Jul-21 The Turkish Army withdrew to the east of the Sakarya river.
26-Jul-21 The Greeks decided to attack Ankara.
05-Aug-21 The law, granting Mustafa Kemal as the Commander-in-Chief for a three-month period with wide authority, had passed.
7-8 August 1921 Mustafa Kemal Pasha, as per the authority given to him by the law of the Commander-in Chief, issued the National Obligation orders and informed the public for the materials to be given to the Army.
08-Aug-21 Ali Fethi (Okyar) returned from Malta to Ankara.
09-Aug-21 42 Regiment arrived to Ankara.
12-Aug-21 Mustafa Kemal went to Alagöz headquarters.
12-Aug-21 Mustafa Kemal and Fevzi (Cakmak) Pasha arrived to the Front’s headquarters in Polatlı. (While over there, Mustafa Kemal falls down from the horse and injures himself, than goes to Ankara for medical treatment. After that he had returned back to the front
14-Aug-21 Sivrihisar was occupied by the Greeks.
15-Aug-21 The Greek King Constantine ordered to move towards Ankara.
18-Aug-21 Halide Edip’s request for a duty at the Front was accepted by Mustafa Kemal.
23-Aug-21 The Battle of the Sakarya, which will last for 22 days and 22 nights, began.
28-Aug-21 Delibas Mehmet was killed.
11-Sep-21 The Greek forces started to withdraw.
13-Sep-21 The Victory of Sakarya.
14-Sep-21 The mobilization was declared. The Group organization was abolished and a new structure formed as an Army Corps.
17-Sep-21 The Greek Army started to withdraw towards Eskisehir
18-Sep-21 Mustafa Kemal returned to Ankara.
19-Sep-21 Mustafa Kemal Pasha was given the title of Gazi-The Victorious Fighter, and he was promoted to Field Marshal.
21-Sep-21 The Turkish Army moved to the west of the Sakarya river.
24-Sep-21 Franklin Bouillon came to Ankara on the 21 September and started to meet with Gazi Mustafa Kemal.
26-Sep-21 The meetings started at Kars between Kazim Karabekir and the representatives of Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and the Soviet Union.
05-Oct-21 Ali Ihsan (Sabis), who was returned from Malta, arrived to Ankara.
07-Oct-21 First Army, linked to the Western Front, was formed.
13-Oct-21 Kars Treaty was signed between the government of the Turkish Grand National Assembly and the Caucasus Republics (Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia).
20-Oct-21 Ankara Treaty was signed between the Government of The Turkish Grand National Assembly and the government of France.
23-Oct-21 An agreement was signed in Istanbul between the representative of Ankara, Hamit Bey and the representative of Britain, Sir H. Rumbold for the exchange of the British prisoners of war and the Turks who were prisoners in Malta. (The released Malta prisoners
31-Oct-21 The law extending the Commander-in-Chief title of Gazi Mustafa Kemal three more months was accepted in the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
01-Nov-21 It was decided by the Turkish Grand National Assembly to present a gift to Pierre Loti who supported the Turkish cause.
12-Nov-21 Hamdullah Suphi was resigned from the Minister of Education.
15-Nov-21 Rauf Bey who was returned from the exile joined to the Assembly.
21-Nov-21 The Turkish Grand National Assembly decided to thank the French journalist G. B. Gaulis.
05-Dec-21 Adana entered into the control of the Ankara Government.
07-Dec-21 The French started to withdraw from Kilis.
08-Dec-21 Fourth Meletios was elected as the Fener (a district) Patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Church in Istanbul.
11-Dec-21 The “Anatolian Society” whose objective was to stop Anatolian movement that was forming in Istanbul, suggested to the Greek High Commissary to form a temporary government on the behalf of the Sultan in the Greek occupied areas.
13-Dec-21 The Ukrainian Committee under the presidency of General Frunze arrived to Ankara.
24-Dec-21 Osmaniye was liberated from the French occupation.
20-Dec-21 The Turkish Flag was hoisted to the Army Corps building.
25-Dec-21 Liberation of Gaziantep.
27-Dec-21 The French withdrew from Tarsus.

1920 <<………….                                                                                                         ……….>> 1922

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