1918

1918

19-Feb-18 The German Emperor rewarded Mustafa Kemal with the “First Class Krone der Preussen” medal.
03-Jul-18 Sultan Mehmed V died
04-Jul-18 Vahdeddin became the Sultan as Mehmed VI.
07-Aug-18 Mustafa Kemal was appointed for the second time to the Command of the 7th Army in Palestine.
01-Sep-18 Mustafa Kemal commenced to the command of 7th Army.
19-Sep-18 The Lightning Group of Armies at the Palestinian Front was not able to stop the attack of the British under General Allenby’s command. The British forces advanced towards Syria.
26-Sep-18 7th Army advanced in the direction of Damascus and assembled at Deraa Region towards the evening.
29-Sep-18 7th Army retreated to the south of Damascus.
29-Sep-18 Bulgaria withdrew from the war with the Armistice of Salonika.
30-Sep-18 The defeated Lightning Group of Armies were reorganized and put in order under the supervision of Mustafa Kemal Pasha, the Commander of the 7th Army.
01-Oct-18 The 7th Army Commander Mustafa Kemal Pasha made a consultation meeting with the region governors.
01-Oct-18 Beirut declared her independence.
03-Oct-18 The Lightning Group of Armies began to retreat towards Aleppo.
03-Oct-18 The Arabic populace revolted with provocations of the British.
04-Oct-18 The headquarters of Mustafa Kemal Pasha moved to Aleppo.
05-Oct-18 Mustafa Kemal Pasha began to reorganise the 7th Army.
08-Oct-18 Talat Pasha Cabinet resigned.
11-Oct-18 Tevfik Pasha, who was assigned to form a government, asked for his forgiveness.
14-Oct-18 Ahmet Izzet Pasha was given the assignment of forming a government.
14-Oct-18 French warships opened artillery fire to Iskenderun (Alexandretta).
16-Oct-18 4 Army was abolished and by transferring its troops, 7 Army was reinforced.
20-Oct-18 The British, French and the US representatives formed a temporary government at Lazkiye.
26-Oct-18 Under the command of Mustafa Kemal, 7 Army units stopped the British offensive north of Aleppo.
28-Oct-18 After the reorganisation, the Lightning Group of Armies moved back to north of Aleppo.
30-Oct-18 The farewell letter of Field Marshal Limon von Sanders, the Commander of the Lightning Group of Armies, was publicized.
30-Oct-18 Mustafa Kemal Pasha became the Commander of the Lightning Group of Armies.
30-Oct-18 The Armistice of Mondros (Mudros) was signed at Lemnos Island, ending the World War One for the Ottoman Empire.
31-Oct-18 The Ottoman Empire came out of the World War One defeated. The Armistice of Mudros came into force.
02-Nov-18 Enver Pasha, Talat Pasha and Cemal Pasha left the country in a German ship together with their close relations.
03-Nov-18 A British and a French officer arrived to Iskenderun and informed that the troops were to be landed in Iskenderun. Mustafa Kemal Pasha notified his objection.
03-Nov-18 Mosul was occupied by the British forces.
04-Nov-18 A French regiment occupied the “Uzunköprü – Sirkeci” railway.
05-Nov-18 “Kars Islamic Council” was established.
05-Nov-18 Committee of Union and Progress Party abolished itself.
05-Nov-18 Mustafa Kemal Pasha reported his views of the Armistice of Mondros to the office of the Commander-in-Chief.
07-Nov-18 The Lightning Group of Armies was abolished. Mustafa Kemal Pasha was assigned to the Ministry of War.
08-Nov-18 Ahmed Izzet Pasha resigned from the Grand Vizierate.
09-Nov-18 Both sides of the Dardanelles were occupied by the British forces. A British detachment landed at Canakkale. Later on, on 20 November, Rumelia side (The European part of the Strait) was turned over to the French.
09-Nov-18 The British landed troops to Iskenderun and Antakya.
10-Nov-18 Mustafa Kemal went from Adana to Istanbul by train.
10-Nov-18 “West Trakya (Thrace) Society” was founded in Istanbul.
11-Nov-18 After the resignation of Ahmet Izzet Pasha, Tevfik Pasha formed the new Ottoman Government.
13-Nov-18 The Entente States naval fleet and Greek warships have anchored in the waters of Istanbul.
13-Nov-18 Mustafa Kemal arrived to Istanbul after the abolishment of the Lightning Group of Armies Commandership.
15-Nov-18 Mustafa Kemal met with the Sultan Vahdeddin.
21-Nov-18 Mustafa Kemal, together with Fethi Bey (Mr. Fethi Okyar), published the Minber (Minbar) Newspaper.
29-Nov-18 The National Congress assembled in Istanbul.
30-Nov-18 The first “Kars National Islamic Council” assembled.
01-Dec-18 Trakya-Pasaeli the Defence Committee of the Ottoman’s was founded.
03-Dec-18 Defence of Rights Association was founded in Urfa.
04-Dec-18 Eastern Provinces the Defence of Rights National Association was founded in Istanbul.
06-Dec-18 Kilis was occupied by the British.
07-Dec-18 Antakya was occupied by the French.
10-Dec-18 Istikbal (The Future) newspaper, which supported the National Struggle, started its publication life in Trabzon.
11-Dec-18 Dörtyol was occupied by a French-Armenian battalion.
17-Dec-18 Tarsus, Ceyhan and Adana towns were occupied by the French.
19-Dec-18 Small towns of Bahce, Islahiye, Hassa, Mamure and Osmaniye were occupied by the French.
19-Dec-18 The first resistance against the occupying forces began in Dörtyol.
21-Dec-18 Committee of Cilicians was founded in Istanbul.
21-Dec-18 Parliament was dissolved by the Sultan.
24-Dec-18 Batum was occupied by the British.
24-Dec-18 The first Greek warship was seen off Izmir shores.
26-Dec-18 2nd Army units vacated Adana up to Pozanti.
27-Dec-18 Pozanti was occupied.

 

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