1912-1914

1912-1914

08-Oct-12 First Balkan war broke out. Mustafa Kemal was appointed as the Director of Operations of the Army Corps established at Bolayir.
15-Oct-12 At the end of the Tripolitania War, Ottoman Government and Italy signed the Ushi Peace Pact. Tripoli and Benghazi were given to Italians.
24-Oct-12 Mustafa Kemal departed from Derna to Istanbul.
08-Nov-12 Greece invaded Salonika.
25-Nov-12 Mustafa Kemal was appointed as Director of Operations of the Dardanelles Special Forces.
25-Nov-12 Fall of Edirne (Adrianopol)
28-Nov-12 Albania declared its independence.
01-Dec-12 Mustafa Kemal went to Gelibolu (Gallipoli).
23-Jan-13 Unionists (Committee of Union and Progress party) removed Grand Vizier Kamil Pasha (with the Babiali raid) and replaced him with Mahmut Sevket Pasha.
30-May-13 At the end of the First Balkan War, the Treaty of London signed with the Balkan states.
11-Jun-13 Grand Vizier Mahmut Sevket Pasha was assassinated.
12-Jun-13 Said Halim Pasha became Grand Vizier.
30-Jun-1913 Second Balkan War started.
21-Jul-13 Mustafa Kemal, with the Bolayir Army Corps, where he was the chief of general staff, took back Edirne (Adrianople) which was lost in the First Balkan war.
27-Sep-13 Treaty of Bucharest restores territory to Turkey.
29-Sep-13 At the end of the Balkan wars, the Istanbul Treaty was signed with Bulgaria.
27-Oct-13 Mustafa Kemal was appointed as Military Attache in Sofia. The same day Fethi Bey
14-Nov-13 After the Second Balkan War, Athens Treaty signed between Greece and the Ottoman Government.
03-Jan-14 Enver Pasha replaced Ahmet Izzet Pasha as the Minister of War.
01-Mar-14 Mustafa Kemal was promoted to Lt. Colonel.
13-Mar-14 The Istanbul pact was signed between Ottoman Government and Serbia.
May-14 Mustafa Kemal wrote his book, Chat with the Officer and the Commander. It was published in December 1918 in Istanbul.
27-Jun-14 Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo.
16-Jul-14 Kemal sent despatch to War Minister from Sofia, urging a policy of Turkish neutrality in the event of war, with a view to possible later intervention against Bulgaria and Central Powers.
28-Jul-14 Austria declares war on Serbia, with Support of Germany.
01-Aug-14 The First World War begun
02-Aug-14 Ottoman Empire Signed secret alliance with Germany.
03-Nov-14 Russia declared war on the Ottoman Government.
11-Aug-14 Ottoman Empire purchased German warships Goeben and Breslau on arrival in the Bosporus.
28-Oct-14 Goeben and Breslau shelled Russian Black See ports
05-Nov-14 Britain and France declared war on the Ottoman Government
11-Nov-14 Ottoman Government entered the war together with the Axis governments.

1909-1911 <<……….                                                                                          ………..>> 1915

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